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  • Retter & Fleiss in Boyany

    Hi,
    I registered 3 years ago, got approved recently. Happy to Join!
    My mother's maternal side came from Bukovina, a small village called Bojan near Czernowitz. I could not find any records from there, only a few in Czernowitz.
    My grandmother was Sophie Fleiss born 1905 (brothers Josef and Herman) to Honora Retter (b. around 1885, Bojan, to Jacob and Clara Chaja - I found her death in Berlin, but not her birth) and Philip Fleiss (b. around 1878, Bojan, to Hersch and Rosa - I found his b.listing, but not his death).
    Any help will be very much appreciated.

  • #2
    Bojan (Boiany) is not a small village anymore. Over 4000 people live in the village. it is located about 12 km from Chernivtsi. The village belongs to Novoselytsia district (raion).
    There is concrete factory, windows factory, etc. and lots of small businesses in the village. Lots of records were destroyed. but you can try to search in Chernivtsi and Novoselitsa.
    interpreter, guide, travel assistant all over Ukraine.
    www.ace-interpreter.com

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    • #3
      Thank you.

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      • #4
        Boiany/Bojany/Boyany = in Ukrainian
        Current population - 4 ,742 inhabitants living in the last census
        -----------------------------------------
        The KEY to your research is RELIGION.

        The names are Germanic, but what religion did your forefathers practice? Were they Jewish, Roman Catholic or Lutheran?
        ==========================================
        https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boiany

        According to the legend, the village was based in a forest clearing and was engaged in the breeding of bulls ( Boi in Romanian).

        As per Moldovan chroniclers, read below:

        For the first time, documents are available on the Boyans on February 4, 1523, when the Moldavian governor appointed a scribe to Ivan Boyanul Mare (Big Boyany) (he was still caught by treason).

        On April 8, 1528, on the order of the governor Petru Rares, the Boyans, with all their corners, owned the genus Styrca. The first owners of this genus were the commandant of the Khotyn fortress Ion Styrch and his brother Mihul Stanislaus (Mihul Strcea), commandant of the Balts.

        May 22, 1654 Boyans retire to the famous Cantacuzino (Cantacuzino). From 1702 until the year 1850, the Boyans were in the hands of a noble family, Neculce . The first of the representatives of this genus - and at the same time the most famous - was the chronicler and hetman of the Moldavian army Yon (Ion) Nekuche (1672-1745), whom the Boyans inherited from the mother of Catherine Kantakuzino. He has a bust in the village (see photo on the side). For a short period (1711-1720), the Boyans retreat to Russia.

        In the Austrian times (from 1775) the border village, which was part of the Sadagur district, received a new impulse for development. In 1780 in Boyany there was a church, two taverns, a distillery, five mills, an inn.

        In 1812 on the eastern border of the village passed the Russian border. Since 1817 weekly fairs took place in Boyany, and from year to year they were accompanied by large annual fairs. In 1820 the first Romanian school was built. Since 1882 the gymnasium has been functioning, since 1892 there was another school where not only Romanians but also Ukrainians and children of German colonists were studying. The Jewish community had its own four-year school teaching German.

        In 1838, the Neukulche family erected a churchyard without a church, which is now a decoration of the village (located on a hill in the direction of the Prriput). In March 1857 - April 1859, here served as priest Iraklie Porumbescu, the father of the famous Romanian composer, Cyprian Porumbescu.

        In 1850, the Boyans get known to the Armenian Stefanovichi in Bukovina (according to other sources, the Boyans were sold to Stefanovichs in 1845).

        In 1858, the Greek Catholic parish was founded in the village, despite the strange resistance of the local population. The appearance of the Greek Catholics here is associated not so much with the new owners of the village, but with the processes that swept Europe after the revolution of 1848. The first Greek-Catholic priest in Boyan was the father of Khlibovsky from Sadagury . By the way, in those years in the village there were 911 Uniates.

        The original wooden Uniate church was burned down in 1892, and in 1896 the construction of a stone shrine (Naterea Maicii Domnului) began. The Church of the Nativity of the Virgin began to build in 1898, and in 1910 the temple was painted by the artist V. Sevarnits. In Soviet times, the church was closed and turned into a grain storage facility.

        In 1898 a synagogue was built in Bojan (burned down during the Second World War). The old Jewish cemetery has survived.

        From the 1880's until 1913, 983 people emigrated from the Boyans to Canada.

        The Romanian countryside is believed to this day, rural history of the newest time in them is under the heading "Boyans under the Slavic occupation" .

        In 1992, in the Boyany, the already mentioned "Rodnichok" is created, the company for the manufacture of metal tiles, windows, insulating materials and devil knows yet what is now one of the leaders in the construction market of Ukraine. It had a certain impact on the Boyana: now the hotel " Northern Star " (in 2006 renamed " Bukovina Star ") is standing next to the old magistracy, where, they say, the best in the field of billiards, and next to the bank, an underground parking, a pizzeria, a supermarket of electronics, big pharmacy Are we in the village?

        Somewhere near Boyan is another well-publicized tourist complex "Sunny Valley", where in February 2006 we and Yarko Kozak tried hard to send the head of the Department of Tourism of the Regional State Administration Petro Brzyak.

        translation:https://www.castles.com.ua/boyany.html
        --------------------------------------
        -------------------------------------
        variety of links:

        http://czernowitz.blogspot.com/2014/...at-end-of.html

        http://czernowitz.blogspot.com/2010/...1869-1880.html

        https://www.jewishgen.org/databases/...ucovinaVRs.htm

        https://user.xmission.com/~nelsonb/bukovina.htm

        http://gindrich.tripod.com/Bukovina.htm
        Last edited by Hannia; 15th February 2019, 20:30.

        æ, !

        Hannia - Hania - Mighthelp

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        • #5
          Thank you for all the information. They were Jews, coming there around 1860 (the Retter side).

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          • #6
            How Jewish records were kept:
            https://www.genguide.co.uk/source/je...athburial/153/
            =================================================================
            You are here: Home Eastern Europe Ukraine BOYANY / BOIANY: BOIAN, BOJAN, BOYAN, BOIANCENI in Chernivtsi Oblast
            BOYANY / BOIANY: BOIAN, BOJAN, BOYAN, BOIANCENI in Chernivtsi Oblast PDF Print E-mail

            Coat of arms of Boiany Alternate names: Boyany [Ukr , Rus ], Boian [Rom], Bojan [Ger, Pol], Boyan and [Yid], Boianceni. 4817' N, 2608' E, 9 miles E of Chernivtsi (Tschernowitz). Jewish population: 781 (in 1880).

            Der Geshichte der Juden in der Bukowina, vol. II (Tel Aviv, 1962)
            JewishGen Romania SIG
            Sownik Geograficzny Krlestwa Polskiego (1880-1902), I, p. 293: "Bojan".
            Pinkas HaKehilot, Romania, Vol. 2 (1980), p. 521: "Boian"
            Encyclopedia of Jewish Life (2001), p. 165: "Boian".
            Friedman, Yisroel. The Golden Dynasty: Ruzhin, the royal house of Chassidus. Jerusalem: The Kest-Lebovits Jewish Heritage and Roots Library, 2nd English edition, 2000, p. 76.OCLC 234112282
            Czernowitz Bukovina [Mar 2014]
            Jewish Bukovina [Mar 2014]
            old photos. [Mar 2014]

            "The Hasidic dynasty of Boyan was founded here in 1887 by Rabbi Yitzchok Friedman (1850-1917), eldest son of the first Sadigura Rebbe, Rabbi Avrohom Yaakov Friedman (1820-1883). Upon the death of his father in 1883, Rabbi Yitzchok and his brother Rabbi Yisrael (1852-1907) assumed joint leadership of their father's Hasidim. Although they were content with this arrangement, many of the Sadigura Hasidim preferred to have one Rebbe, and in 1887, the brothers agreed to draw lots to determine who would stay in Sadigura and who would move out. The lots fell to Rabbi Yisrael to remain as the second Sadigura Rebbe, while Rabbi Yitzchok moved to the neighboring town of Boiany (Boyan) and established his court there, becoming the first Boyaner Rebbe. Under his leadership, Boyaner Hasidut flourished. Boyaner communities were established in nearby towns as well as in Tiberias, Safed, and Jerusalem, Israel. At the beginning of World War I, the town of Boyan was completely destroyed and the Rebbe and his family escaped to Vienna, where the Rebbe died in 1917. After the war ended, his four sons each moved to a different country to establish their court. Boyaner Hasidut continues today under the leadership of Rabbi Nachum Dov Brayer, great-grandson of the first Boyaner Rebbe, who makes his home in Jerusalem." Wikipedia. [Mar 2014]https://www.iajgsjewishcemeteryproject.org/ukraine/boyany-boiany-boian-bojan-boyan-boianceni-in-chernivtsi-oblast.html

            ===================================================
            Many Boyan Jews maintained their connection to their former filial Kehila in Sadagur/Sadgora.
            Yitzchok Friedman (1850-1917), first Boyaner Rebbe was born in Sadagura.

            https://dbs.bh.org.il/place/sadagura

            https://www.geni.com/projects/Jewish...Bukovina/40711

            https://kehilalinks.jewishgen.org/radauti/trip.php

            https://www.familysearch.org/search/...tory%20Library

            Should you decide to get professional help, view Miriam Weiner's site and make sure to search her databases.
            http://www.rtrfoundation.org/Archdta1.shtml

            https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en...pire_Genealogy

            https://www.geni.com/projects/Jewish...Bukovina/40711

            http://www.yivoencyclopedia.org/article.aspx/Bucovina

            http://jgaliciabukovina.net/test2


            Last edited by Hannia; 15th February 2019, 20:27.

            æ, !

            Hannia - Hania - Mighthelp

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            • #7
              I really appreciate all your links. I did check the familysearch records, but could not find those from Bojan there. I will go over everything you sent.

              Comment


              • #8

                Jewish Families from Boyany, Ukraine
                This project seeks to collect all of the Jewish families from the town of Boyany, Ukraine, also known as Boyany [Ukr, Rus], Boian [Rom], Bojan [Ger, Pol], Boyan [Yid], Boianceni.

                https://www.jewishgen.org/Communitie...usbgn=-1036272

                https://dbs.bh.org.il/place/boian

                Bojan

                Village in Ukraine in the region of Bukovina. It belonged to Austria from 1774 to 1918 and to Romania from 1918 to 1940.

                In 1807 there were in Bojan only 3 Jewish families, occupied in agriculture. Its situation near the Russian and Romanian borders contributed to the growth of the community, which numbered 781 in 1880 (14.9% of the total population). It was first affiliated to the community of Sadagora. An independent community was established in 1860. Bojan became a Chasidic center when the tzaddik R. Isaac Fridman, a grandson of R. Israel of Ruzhin settled there in 1886. In consequence of the influx of the Chasidim who settled near the tzaddik's home, Bojan developed into an urban settlement. In 1913 the community numbered 2,573. It had a synagogue and four prayer houses. When the Russians occupied Bojan during World War I, the Jewish quarter, including the residence of the tzaddik, was destroyed and most of the Jews there fled. R. Isaac Fridman fled to Vienna where he died.

                https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boiany

                The Hasidic dynasty of Boyan was founded here in 1887 by Rabbi Yitzchok Friedman (18501917), eldest son of the first Sadigura Rebbe, Rabbi Avrohom Yaakov Friedman (18201883). Upon the death of his father in 1883, Rabbi Yitzchok and his brother Rabbi Yisrael (18521907) assumed joint leadership of their father's Hasidim. Although they were content with this arrangement, many of the Sadigura Hasidim preferred to have one Rebbe, and in 1887, the brothers agreed to draw lots to determine who would stay in Sadigura and who would move out. The lots fell to Rabbi Yisrael to remain as the second Sadigura Rebbe, while Rabbi Yitzchok moved to the neighboring town of Boiany (Boyan) and established his court there, becoming the first Boyaner Rebbe.[1] Under his leadership, Boyaner Hasidut flourished. Boyaner communities were established in nearby towns as well as in Tiberias, Safed, and Jerusalem, Israel.[2]

                At the beginning of World War I, the town of Boyan was completely destroyed and the Rebbe and his family escaped to Vienna, where the Rebbe died in 1917. After the war ended, his four sons each moved to a different country to establish their court.[3] Boyaner Hasidut continues today under the leadership of Rabbi Nachum Dov Brayer, great-grandson of the first Boyaner Rebbe, who makes his home in Jerusalem.

                Bojan The little city Bojan which was situated on the train line from Chernivtsi to Nowosielitza was home to a small but lively Jewish community. In 1817 there were Jewish farmers there. In the years 1839 to 1842 several Jewish families settled there (see volume I, p. 88). According to the census of 1880 781 of the 5227 inhabitants of Bojan were Jewish (14.9%) (see volume I, p. 46). In 1860, Bojan established its own Jewish community and in 1873 this community had 200 members. Since the beginning of the 19th century the town was the seat of the Wonder Rabbi Jizchak Friedmann, who after the death of his father the Wonder Rabbi of Sadagura, left the succession to his younger brother and moved to Bojan where he founded a new branch of the Sadagura Rabbinic dynasty. His numerous followers (Chassidim) spent the high holidays at his court, which provided a favorable opportunity to conduct business.

                Before World War I, the economy grew continually. Agriculture blossomed thanks to the diligence of the Jewish estate owners Motio Gottesmann and Schmiel Metsch. The deputy mayor was Abraham Retter. His representative was Dr. Nathan Feuerstein. The pharmacists were the Jews Gottesmann and Mag. Benedikt Sternberg. There was one Jewish school in the town that was supported by the Baron Hirsch endowment. The school was directed by the teacher Ephraim Seidmann. Judge Bogen was employed in the District Court. The Jewish teacher Berta Schecht-Zuflucht taught at the Romanian elementary school.

                Herr H. Metsch (Naharia) tells us about a well known original from Bojan, Chajiml den Meshuggenen (Chajiml the deranged or crazy one). This man, once a successful businessman, was ruined by poor business deals and excessive drinking and ended up taking his pension from the Bojan rabbi. He got his food at the charity kitchen and slept in the prayer house. The students of the town who spent their summer vacations at home, would not be denied the pleasure of buying a few drinks for the fellow which encouraged him to supply gems of wisdom. This proved that he really wasn't meschugge, for the life knowledge he imparted remained in the minds of the younger generation.

                In 1914, the community which had separated itself from the Sadagura Jewish community in 1860, counted 2573 souls of whom, 272 were tax payers. The head of the community was Hersch Rappaport. The members of the executive committee were Dr. Nathan Feuerstein, Motio Gottesmann, L. Klinger, J. Sonnenblum, Simon Baltuch, Isaak Retter, Israel Margulies, Ephraim Seidner (secretary), Mottel Markus, Moses Barbasch, Abraham Isaak Schneider and Mechel Schaechter. The rabbi was Isser Sternhell. At the head of the organization, Ahavath Zion, was H. Margulies, the Talmud Torah was lead by J. Margulies. The community income was 18, 112 Kronen, the expenses 25,758 Kronen. There was a synagogue and 4 prayerhouses in the town. The Cantor was David Schaechter. The religion teacher was Moses Rosenblatt. The Gottesmann, Kellmer, Metsch, Meidler, Ritter, Rendel and Schaechter families were among the most respected in the town.

                Bojan was destroyed during the First World War. The reconstruction of the town was a drawn out affair Rabbi Izchak Friedmann died during the war His successor was his son Raw Nuchem Muniu, who, after the war moved to Chernivtsi. His sons Ahron and Mottale died in Transnistrien.

                As told by Max Rendel, Caracas, Venezuela https://www.geni.com/projects/Jewish...-Ukraine/49141

                æ, !

                Hannia - Hania - Mighthelp

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                • #9
                  This was very interesting. Thanks

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