Kolomeya (located in the Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast/Region of Ukraine) is both the name of the district and the name of the district center town (a fair size town of about 70,000 people).
Immigrants frequently referred to their district center as place of origin for geographical reference, because their own villages were small. Kolomeja is a large raion/district w/appx 80+ villages.
This is a general map, so you can get a general idea where Kolomeya/Kolomea/Kolomeja is located.
MapQuest: Maps: print
The town was named after the Meya Creek that flows into the Prut River. One of the stories relating to the name of the town is that wagons carrying salt use to cross the creek to wash their wheels and hence the name Kolomeya = Kolo May-oot = WASHING THE WHEEL came to be. This general area is also frequently referred to as Hutsulschyna (Land of the Hutsul).
In the area to the east of the Boikians, extending down to the Rumanian ethnic territory in the east and southeast, live the Hutsuls. Their ethnic area has receded somewhat before the advance of the Rumanian population, which has long tended to move to the north and northwest. The pioneers of the Rumanian colonization, known as the Wallachians, have left certain traces in Hutsul life and local nomenclature, but rave not remained on Ukrainian territory. However, the Hutsul group's relations with the Rumanians have resulted in the spread of cultural features of the Balkan type, which are apparent in certain rites, in costumes, and in folk art. The Hutsul region, although mountainous, is better suited to agriculture than the Boikian region. Nevertheless, the principal occupations of the population are the breeding of cattle (marzhyna) and sheep, and work in the forests, cutting, hauling, and floating timber.
The Hutsuls are also skillful builders, and almost all the old wooden Hutsul churches, which resemble the old Byzantine types, are the work of Hutsul craftsmen.
The Hutsul region is widely known for its highly developed domestic handicrafts, especially wood-carving, brasswork, rug-weaving, and pottery-making. The Hutsuls' originality and artistic taste are particularly evident in their ornamentation and choice of colors.
The Hutsul costume is of the same southern, Balkan type as that of the Boikians, the Lemkians, and the rest of the Carpathian population, but its colors and adornment are more striking than those of the Boikians or Lemkians. It differs from theirs in details and, until recently at least, has been made from the Hutsuls' own materials.
The Hutsul region has its own special type of architecture (the enclosure - grazhda, high-roofed houses, characteristic porches), which is also widespread in the transitional Boikian-Hutsul belt. The people live in scattered settlements. But, to a large extent, Transcarpathia has lost the Hutsul mountain type of architecture, except in the region of upper Tysa.
In the Hutsul region the old rituals are still well preserved. There is a great wealth of beliefs, in particular in the realm of demonology, as well as of rites and customs connected with the folk calendar.
Ukrainian Tribal Divisions and Ethnographic Groups
Have you developed any documentation at all? When did your immigrant/ancestor emigrate from Kolomeya and where did he/they settle upon immigration?
Look at segment five. You may have to download a better viewing program or you can order the tape from Kontakt. Scroll all the way down for instructions. The Ukrainian President was present at the Hutsul Festival and officiated at the museum and train station openings. You will not understand the language, but the music is terrific and the people are beautiful.
Kontakt Ukrainian Television Network: 2000-12-23 Program
[Edited by Hannia on 14th February 2006 at 07:00]
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